Granma province is famous for its history and spectacular natural beauty. Includes stunning mountainous stretch of the Sierra Maestra and the country’s longest river, the River Cautious. Some of the most pristine coastal marine terraces of the Americas are located along the rugged southern coastline.
The province boasts two national parks, the Sierra Maestra National Park and the Landing of the Granma National Park, habitat of botanical wonders including an old miniature orchids and giant cactus, plus native wild animals like birds and zunzún tocororo included.
Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar founded the city of Bayamo, Granma capital in 1513, making it the second oldest after Cuba Baracoa city. Much of the original colonial buildings were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1869, when citizens chose to set fire to the city before handing it to the Spanish invaders. Since its restoration, the city center was declared a National Monument.
The streets of Bayamo, and virtually all provincial cities come alive with street parties on Saturday night, a lively old villager tradition. This place gave birth to the Cuban hero Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, known as Father of the Nation, because of the role it played in the struggle for independence of the country.
Granma is also the place where occurred the famous landing of Fidel Castro and his rebel soldiers on the yacht, Granma, in 1956. The province has a remarkable collection of museums documenting its history.